Monumento

kawa_sanpo

2017/02/25

Tags: ocr-generated 東京都 八王子市

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ocr-generated 八日市宿跡について
戦国時代の終わりごろ、それまで関東を治めていた後北条氏が滅ぼさ
れると、豊臣秀吉の命を受け、徳川家康が新たな領主となりました。
家康の統治下となった八王子では、それまでの八王子城下(現在の
元八王子)から現在の市街地へ街が移転され、新しい街づくりが始め
られました。まず東西の道(甲州道中)が整備され、東から横山・
八日市・八幡の三宿が開かれました。
江戸時代に入ると、八王子は甲州道中の宿場町として、また地域経・
済の中心都市として発展しました。なかでも八日市宿は横山宿と並び
本陣と脇本陣がおかれ、山上家や新野家が本陣役を勤めるなど、八王子
の中心的な役割を担っていました。
四のつく日は横山宿、八のつく日は八日市宿で六斎市が立ち多くの
人々で賑わいました。
参考文献 江戸時代の八王子宿
About the Yokaichi-Shuku site
At the ending stage of the Sengoku-era (a Japanese turbulent age around the 16th century),
Gohojo family, who was a feudal lord family of Kanto region, was ruined, and Hideyoshi
Toyotomi, who was the national governor of Japan at that time, appointed a new feudal lord
of Kanto region to Ieyasu Tokugawa.
Under the reign of Ieyasu, the new town development was started at the new location (that is
the present central business district of Hachioji city), after moving from the old town location
around Hachioji-Castle (that is the present Moto-Hachioji area). The new road: Koshu-Dochua
passing east-west way was developed first, and three small towns with lodging facilities were
developed alongside with the new road. These towns were named Yokoyama -Shuku.
Yokaichi-Shuku and Hachinman-Shuku from east to west way order.
In the Edo-era, Hachioji kept on growing as the lodging destination on the Koshu-Dochu as
well as the center for the regional economy. Especially, Yokaichi-Shuku and Yokoyama-Shuku
retail lord
o use
took the important role by placing the Honjin and the Waki-Honjin (Honjin and Waki-Honiin
Pukll on
are the first class hotel exclusively used for the feudal lord and the executive menaburs). Ar
11tuni
these towns, Yamagami family and Nino family took the role as the host to the
on the monthly and
and other members. Therefore these towns were centrally positioned in the H
A market called Rokusai-ichi was held at the Yokoy
mmber 4" and at the Yokaich-Shui
were gathered and enjoyed at these Rokusai-icini markets al

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