The site of Bijutsu Mura



Tags: 沖縄戦 沖縄県 那覇市

Guide plate text

The site of Bijutsu Mura
This is the area where a great number of artists lived after the Battle of Okinawa. Since it was located at Nishimui in Shuri, Gibo-cho, it was also called Nishimui Bijutsu Mura, or simply, Bijutsu Mura, meaning art village.
Nishimui is a part of the range of hills from Turajiyama in Akahira-cho and was called Nishimui because of its location north (nishi in Okinawa's language) of Shurijo castle. Expressed as Nishimui Shosho in poetry, it was once of the eight scenic locations of Shuri.
In the Battle of Okinawa in 1945, the pine trees of Nishimui were cut down for the construction of the battle position underground for the Japanese Army, and later, it was burned down upon the attack of Shuri by the US forces. The US forces dug for powered stone (coral) from Nishimui and other places, to use in the construction of military roads. The northern side of Nishimui was turned into landfill for US military surplus.
After the conclusion of the Battle of Okinawa, artists and painters were gathered under the guidance of Navy lieutenant commander, Willard Hanna and others. These artists visited internment camps to entertain detainees, and took orders from US military personnel for portraits, Christmas cards, and others. In Higashionna, Ishikawa City (presently Higashionna, Uruma City), where all these artists were gathered, the Okinawa Chinretsu-kan exhibition facility and the Higashionna Bijutsu Mura were established.
The Painters who were gathered at Higashionna got together to form an artists' association of Okinawa in July, 1947. In addition, the artists wished to work in the ancient capital of Shuri, and so, with the permission and assistance of the US forces, the construction of the artists' village in Nishimui began.
Three large Quonset huts were completed from April to December of 1948, functioning as studios, living quarters, and research and exhibition area Eight artists including Nadoyama Aijun and Yabu Ken and their families relocated to the huts. Other artists had ties with Bijutsu Mura and would come and go as they debated about art. The artists at the Bijutsu Mura painted portraits for orders by US military personnel and held prop exhibitions. The hard work by these artists became the beginning of restoring artistic works in the time after the war.
Presently, the area of Nishimui is a residential area, and there are no signs of the past, a place called the Bijutsu Mura, an ideal world for numerous artists.

The Site of Bijutsu Mura
沖縄戦 の後、画家たちが多く居住した地区跡。首里儀保町のニシムイに造られたため、「ニシムイ美術村」、単に「美術村」ともいう。
1945年(昭和20)の沖縄戦 で、西森の松林は、日本軍陣地壕構築のため伐り倒され、米軍の首里攻撃で焼失した。米軍は、軍用道路造成のため西森などから石粉(コーラル)を採掘し、西森の北側は、米軍余剰物資の捨て場(地元では「チリ捨て場」といった)になったが、資材は首里市が管理し、復興の一助になったという。
沖縄戦 終結後の1945年8月20日、米軍が住民の代表として組織させた沖縄諮詢会(後の沖縄民政府)には、文化部が置かれ、ウィラード・ハンナ海軍少佐等の指導の下、芸能家や画家が集められ、収容所への慰問公演や米軍人の注文で肖像画やクリスマス・カードの製作等に当たらせた。これらの芸術家が集められた石川市東恩納(現うるま市石川東恩納)には、沖縄陳列館や「東恩納美術村」が造られた。
設置 2014年3月 那覇市歴史博物館


2016-07-02 22:06 (2470)
2016-06-26 18:15 (6)
2016-06-15 21:22 (1288)


gotosheng gotosheng about 5 years


gotosheng gotosheng about 5 years



0 footprints lefted here.

Embed tag

Guide plate Tour

Spots near

genjitsu_ (2018/01/17)
genjitsu_ (2018/01/17)
genjitsu_ (2018/01/17)
genjitsu_ (2018/01/17)