Monumento

hanacoco

2016-05-18

Tags: ocr-generated 東京都 台東区

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ocr-generated 台東区教育委員会
平成十五年三月
ようになった。
に寛永寺を創建した。
後に本覚院伝来の毛髪を納めた塔も建てられ、毛髪塔と呼ばれる
より日光山に葬られ、この地(旧本覚院跡)には供養塔が建てられた。
寛永二十年(一六四三)に子院の本覚院にて一○八歳で示寂。遺命に
江戸城鎮護のため上野忍岡に寺院の建立を進言し、寛永二年(一六二五)
構想をたて造営を指導した。その後も将軍秀忠・家光の帰依を受け、
その神格化にあたり権現号の勅許を計り、合わせて日光刷の基本的
住し、徳川家康の知遇を受けた。元和二年(一六一六)家康が没すると、
江戸崎不動院(茨城県江戸崎町)、川越喜多院(埼玉県川越市)などに
学び、さらに三井寺や奈良で諸教学を学んだといわれる。のちに
十一歳で出家、十四歳で比叡山に登り実全に師事して天台教観を
天文五年(一五三六)に奥州会津郡高田郷(福島県)で生まれた。
天海僧正は、江戸初期の天台宗の高僧で諡号を慈眼大師という。
天海僧正毛髮塔(都指定旧跡)
てん かいそうじょうもう はっとうとしていきゅうせき)
台東区上野公園一番
Hair Pagoda For Priest Tenkai (Metropolitan Historical Site)
Tenkai(1536-1643) was a high priest of the Tendai Sect at the beginning of the
Edo Period. He was also known as Jigen Daishi. He took orders at age 11. At 14 he
climbed Mt. Hiei and began formal training in the precepts of Tendai Buddhism.
With the founding of the Tokugawa bakufu government at Edo (Currently Tokyo),
Tenkai received the favor of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Upon the death of Ieyasu, he was
permitted to take a saintly name in order to deify the Tokugawa founding shôgun.
At roughly the same time the basic designs of the shrine at Nikkô were being laid
out and Tenkai served as an advisor in its construction. Following this, he also
benefited from the attention of both Shôguns Hidetada and Iemitsu and was installed
at the newly built Kaneiji Temple in 1625 for the spiritual protection of Edo Castle.
* In 1643, at the age of 108 he passed away at Hongakuin Temple, a branch temple
of Kaneiji, and as ordered, was buried on Mt. Nikkô. A pagoda to commemorate
him was built at this site, and later, priest of Hongakuin built a second pagoda in
order to house a lock of his hair. Thus this pagoda has come to be called the Hair
Pagoda.

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