auto-translate Welcome to Yambaru National Park...



Tags: 石灰岩 固有種 生物多様性 やんばる国立公園 カルスト地形 蔡温 国頭村企画商工観光課 国頭村多言語解説等整備事業 杣山 沖縄県 国頭村

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auto-translate Welcome to Yambaru National Park Welcome to Yambaru National Park Yambaru National Park is only 0.1% of Japan&39;s land area, but its biodiversity is disproportionate to the small area of the country as a whole. It occupies a large proportion of. Due to the long-term isolation from the mainland and the difficulty of access from southern Okinawa, the forest has become a paradise for endemic native organisms. However, Yanbaru no Mori is neither untouched nor native. On the contrary, this forest has been shaped by human activity for hundreds of years. From pre-classical to early post-war, forests supplied wood and charcoal throughout the island. Residents of the small villages scattered along the coast of Kunigami Village went into the mountains and cooperated to cut trees and sold them to the "Yanbaru Ship" coming from the south. This mechanism eventually evolved into a sophisticated network of village co-operatives. This mechanism was modeled on similar regional economies in various parts of Japan, and representatives from many regions visited the site. The villagers carefully cared for the forest and constantly planted enough trees to make up for the cuts. This method was formalized in the 18th century as the Somayama method by a well-known bureaucrat of the Ryukyu Kingdom called Sai Onsen. Sai On&39;s knowledge was so great that even American occupiers learned it after World War II. With the end of post-war reconstruction and the replacement of charcoal with gas and electricity as the main source of energy, the demand for forest resources has diminished. Many villages have started farming instead of forestry, but the tradition of cherishing forests remains. In many lands of ancient paradise Kunigami village, the strata of 70 to 90 million years ago have been confirmed. Furthermore, at Cape Hedo at the northern end, a stratum about 250 million years ago has been confirmed. Karst terrain with eroded limestone accentuates the beauty of the coast. Impressive terrain, such as Hedomitake (Asumori Ontake), which used to be horizontal but is now exposed to the surface and has a rock layer protruding almost vertically upward, shows evidence of ancient crustal movements. increase. Yambaru National Park has a great variety of fauna. In the absence of predators for large mammals, countless small species have flourished, from insects such as Cheirotonus jambar and Matrona basila to reptiles and amphibians such as Ishikawa&39;s frog, sword-tailed newt, and habu. Yanbaru also has many fascinating flying companions, including the flightless bird Yanbaru Ina, the hard-working Okinawa Woodpecker, the impressive Ruddy Kingfisher, and the friendly Ryukyu Robin. The center of the flora of the forest is the evergreen tree, Itajii, which is a member of the beech family that has supported the forestry of Yanbaru. Looking at the forest from a distance, it seems that itajii wraps the forest softly. Along with Castanopsis sieboldii, various trees such as sturdy oak, flying spider-monkey that has existed since the Paleozoic era, and iju that blooms are growing. The soft colors of Yanbaru have been compared to watercolor paintings for islands with a bright tropical climate such as Iriomote Island. In order not to miss the delicate beauty of the forest and the shy and petite creatures, be sure to have a local guide guide you. Request: Please help prevent traffic accidents (roadkills) in animals. Rare species such as Okinawa rail are more susceptible to traffic accidents, especially during the breeding season. When driving, please cooperate with Kunigami&39;s "Stop! Roadkill" campaign and be careful on the roads that pass through the forest. Kunigami Village Planning, Commerce and Tourism Division Reiwa 3rd year Kunigami Village Multilingual Commentary Maintenance Project

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auto-translate 欢迎光临山原国立公园 欢迎光临山原国立公园 山原国立公园仅占日本国土面积的 0.1%,但其生物多样性与整个国家的小面积不成比例,占据了很大比例。由于长期与大陆隔绝,从冲绳南部难以进入,这片森林已成为当地本土生物的天堂。然而,Yanbaru no Mori 既不是原生态的,也不是土生土长的。相反,这片森林已经被人类活动塑造了数百年。从古典主义之前到战后早期,森林为整个岛屿提供木材和木炭。散落在国头村沿岸的小村子的居民,纷纷下山,合作砍树,卖给南来的“山原船”。这种机制最终演变成一个复杂的乡村合作社网络。该机制以日本各地类似的区域经济为蓝本,许多地区的代表参观了该网站。村民们悉心照料这片森林,并不断种植足够的树木来弥补砍伐。这种方法在 18 世纪由琉球王国著名的官员西温泉正式化为相山法。世安的知识如此丰富,以至于二战后美国的占领者也学会了。随着战后重建工作的结束,以燃气和电力替代木炭为主要能源,对森林资源的需求有所减少。许多村庄开始以耕作代替林业,但爱护森林的传统依然存在。在古代天堂国头村的许多土地上,已经确认了70至9000万年前的地层。此外,在北端的边户岬,已经确认了大约 2.5 亿年前的地层。石灰岩侵蚀的喀斯特地形突出了海岸的美丽。令人印象深刻的地形,例如 Hedomitake (Asumori Ontake),过去是水平的,但现在暴露在地表,并且有一个几乎垂直向上突出的岩层,显示出古代地壳运动增加的证据。山巴鲁国家公园的动物种类繁多。在大型哺乳动物没有捕食者的情况下,无数小型物种蓬勃发展,从 Cheirotonus jambar 和 Matrona basila 等昆虫到石川蛙、剑尾蝾螈和 habu 等爬行动物和两栖动物。山原也有许多迷人的飞行伙伴,包括不会飞的鸟山原伊娜、勤奋的冲绳啄木鸟、令人印象深刻的红翠鸟和友好的琉球知更鸟。森林植物群的中心是常青树板治,它是支持山原林业的山毛榉科的一员。远远地看森林,板井仿佛将森林轻轻包裹了起来。与栲树一起生长的还有健壮的橡树、自古生代以来就存在的会飞的蜘蛛猴、开花的iju等各种树木。在西表岛等热带气候明亮的岛屿上,山原的柔和色彩被比作水彩画。为了不错过森林的精致美景和害羞娇小的生物,一定要有当地导游带路。请求:请帮助预防动物的交通事故(道路死亡)。冲绳铁路等稀有物种更容易发生交通事故,尤其是在繁殖季节。开车时,请配合国头的“Stop!Roadkill”活动,并在穿过森林的道路上小心。国头村计划通商观光课令和三年级国头村多语种解说维修项目

やんばる国立公園へようこそ やんばる国立公園


 やんばる国立公園 は、広さこそ日本の国土面積のわずか0.1%ですが、 生物多様性 においては国全体の中で小さな面積に不釣り合いなほどの大きな割合を占めています。本土からの長期の隔絶と沖縄南部からのアクセスの難しさにより、森は 固有種 の在来生物の楽園となりました。しかし、やんばるの森は手つかずでも原生でもありません。それどころか、この森は何百年にもわたる人間の活動によって形作られてきました。
 村の人たちは森を丁寧に手入れし、常に切った分を補うのに充分な木を植え足しました。この方法は、18世紀に 蔡温 という琉球王国の高名な官僚によって 杣山 (そまやま)方式として正式化されました。蔡温の知見は、第二次世界大戦後に米国の占領者までが学ぶほどでした。


 国頭村の多くの土地では7千~9千万年前の地層が確認されています。さらに北端の辺戸岬では約2億5千万年前の地層が確認されています。侵食を受けた 石灰岩 による カルスト地形 は、海岸の美しさを際立たせます。かつては水平だったけれど今では地表に露出し、ほぼ垂直に上方に突き出している岩層を持つ辺戸岳(安須森御嶽)のような印象的な地形は、古代の地殻変動の証を示しています。


令和3年度 国頭村多言語解説等整備事業


2022-03-17 11:49 (1443)


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